DIRECT SUPPORT PROJECTS AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF LOW INCOME EARNERS IN RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF KICUKIRO DISTRICT
Uwingabire M. Claire, Dr. Kule Julius Waren2, Anthony Luvanda, Dr. Mbabazi Mbabazize
Post Graduate student at Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology-Kigali Campus Rwanda
Senior Lecturer; Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology-Kigali Campus
Senior Lecturer at Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology-Kigali Campus
CITATION: Claire, M. U.., Waren, J. K, Luvanda, A & Mbabazize, Mbabazi (2015). Direct Support Projects And Socio-Economic Development Of Low Income Earners In Rwanda: A Case Study Of Kicukiro District: Eurepean Journal of Business and Management 2 (6), 27-45.
This study sought to assess the direct support projects and the socio-economic transformation of poor households in Rwanda. Specifically the researcher sought to assess the process of identifying and selecting direct support beneficiaries, investigate the nature of economic activities that beneficiaries of direct support undertake for economic productivity and self reliance, assess the payment process and duration of delivery of direct support funds and how it affects recipient households’ productivity and sustainability and investigate the effect of beneficiary training and access to credit on their economic productivity and self reliance.
The study used a case study research design in order to collect both quantitative and quantitative data. This design was preferred because it facilitates an in depth analysis of a given research problem and helps to provide answers to the questions of who, what, when, where, and how associated with a particular research problem but only cannot conclusively ascertain answers to why. The researcher targeted 1249 people in this study of whom 125 respondents were selected. In this study, two sets of questionnaire were administered, one to the facilitators of the project and another one for the beneficiaries. Both open ended and closed ended questions were used. Quantitative data was presented in tables, charts, graphs and narratives. Qualitative data were entered into a compilation sheet from which themes were identified. The findings indicates that there is a statistical significant difference between beneficiaries ability to receive direct support funds on a regular monthly basis and respondents access to medical services such as (paying for medical Insurance, Drug, etc).
The correlation also indicated that there is as statistical significant difference between the direct support program and social-economic development of the beneficiaries. This was shown by the Pearson Chi-Square value of 52.633 and a p-value less than 0.05 for direct support and economic development and Pearson Chi-Square value of 50.535 p-value less than 0.05 for social-economic activities.
The study recommends that there are issues which need to be addressed in order to improve the effectiveness of this programme. Evaluation time needs to be increased to a period more than six months in order to allow them more time to uplift their household. This consideration is important since they are relatively poor people who might not even have a place to start financially and therefore limiting them to a six month evaluation period might not yield significant improvement particularly on economic matters. This is because majority of the beneficiaries highlighted that the period provided as per Ubudehe evaluation is not enough. The other recommendation is to increase the amount of payment given to the beneficiaries. The study found out that majority of the beneficiaries struggle with the increasing cost of living. The amount provided is less as compared to the needs and therefore there is a need to increase the amount of direct support funding.
KEY TERMS: Direct support, Socio-economic development, Low income earners
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