DRIVERS OF ADOPTION OF SOLAR ENERGY PROJECTS IN KENYA:
A CASE OF WAJIR COUNTY
Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology.
DR. MAKORI MORONGE
Supervisor, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology.
CITATION:Muikia., M. & Moronge, M. (2015)Drivers Of Adoption of Solar Energy Projects In Kenya: A Case of Wajir County. European Journal of Business Management 2 (10), 1-25.
In spite of the huge efforts and investments in the installation of solar projects to alleviate many energy pressing problems, such as rural energy shortages, low agricultural productivity, and poor public health, the implementation of such projects has not been successful as intended due to slow uptake of the technology in developing countries. In order to make the investment in the solar projects more effective and worth, success rates of uptake of these projects should be increased. In Kenya, energy plays a vital role in growth of the economy, as a key domestic and industrial input. The general objective of this study was to establish the drivers of adoption of solar energy projects in Kenya with Wajir County as the study area. The specific objectives of this study were to establish the effects of financial resources, government policy, technology and stakeholder involvement on adoption of solar energy projects in Kenya. The study adopted descriptive survey and target population was 80 employees of Davis & Shirtliff implementing solar projects in Wajir County. Census sampling technique method was used to collect primary date through questionnaires. Secondary data was obtained from published documents such as journals, periodicals, magazines and reports to supplement the primary data. A pilot study was conducted to pretest the validity and reliability of instruments for data collection and the data analyzed using SPSS version 21 and Microsoft Excel. The study adopted correlation and regression analysis at 5% level of significance to determine strength and direction of the relationship of the variables under study. The analysis revealed that financial accessibility had the strongest positive influence on adoption of solar projects. In addition, stakeholder participation, technology and government policy are positively correlated to adoption of solar projects. The study recommends the need to enhance financial accessibility through credit accessibility, investment cost and operation cost to increase adoption of solar energy projects in Kenya. Additionally, the stakeholder involvement should be enhanced through feasibility study, public awareness and public seminars as they significantly influence adoption of solar energy projects. The study recommends training of technicians on solar technology and formulation of government policies that ensures good governance, favorable solar energy tariffs and proper licensing that facilitates adoption of solar energy projects. Further research will be required to establish the relationship between training and adoption of solar technology; effects of gender on adoption of solar energy and the relationship between culture and adoption of solar technology.