European Journals of Business Management



Professor Boniface Mwasusu Sababu

Pwani University, Business Management and Economics Department

P. O Box 195 – 80108 Kilifi, Kenya

E – Mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


CITATION: Sababu, B. M. (2015). The Impact Of Demographic And Socioeconomic Factors On Cooperatives Performance. European Journal of Business Management 2 (6), 49-56.




The Kenyan economy is to a large extent pegged on cooperatives. They play very important role in the country as they are found virtually in all trades and industrial sectors such as retailing, wholesaling, production, fishing, craftsmanship, banking, insurance, and quarrying among other sectors. Available statistics from the Ministry of Cooperative Development show that there are 9,151 registered cooperatives in Kenya with membership of 5, 177,200 and annual turnover of Kshs 15, 798,000,000. These cooperatives are found both in urban and rural areas and employ thousands of people both on permanent and casual basis. It is estimated that one out of every two Kenyans directly or indirectly derives their livelihood from the cooperative sector. Of late, many cooperatives have been reported to be dormant or under liquidation. It was on the basis of this realization that the researcher of this study set out to investigate the impact of demographic and socioeconomic factors on cooperatives performance. A statistical model relating demographic and socioeconomic factors to cooperatives performance was developed. Out of the 9,151 total registered cooperatives in Kenya, 3660 (40%) are dormant and 1281 (14%) are under liquidation. Only 4210   (46%) are active. Out of the 4210 active cooperatives, a sample of 147 cooperatives was selected by stratified sampling method and tested at 95% confidence level. The results show that demographic and socioeconomic factors do not influence performance of the cooperatives. Perhaps there are other factors which do so. More research is therefore needed to identify those potential factors causing the demise of these cooperatives.


Key Words: Cooperatives, performance, demographic and socioeconomic factors

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Last Updated on Monday, 22 June 2015 16:26

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Last Updated on Thursday, 18 June 2015 12:46

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Professor Boniface Mwasusu Sababu

Pwani University, Business Management and Economics Department

P. O Box 195 – 80108 Kilifi, Kenya

E – Mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


CITATION: Sababu, B. M. (2015), The Impact of Organizational Gender Dynamics on establishment of Formal Strategic Management Systems. European Journal of Business Management, 2 (5), 36-41.



In most societies, gender concern has been a cultural policy issue for many years. Women have been seen as passive beneficiaries of development. On this basis, many gender policies have been developed. Gender policy approaches began in 1950 during which the emphasis was laid on the welfare of the women. The purpose was to bring women into development as better mothers. This policy lasted up to 1970 when equity gender policy emerged whose purpose was to gain equity from women in development. It recognized all women’s roles and seeked to meet strategic gender needs through direct state intervention, giving political and economic autonomy and reducing inequality with men. This policy was later followed by efficiency approach policy which was predominant approach in the 1980s. The purpose was to ensure that the development was more efficient through women’s economic contribution, with participation associated with equity. It seeked to meet practical gender needs while relying on all roles and elasticity of women’s time. Women were seen in terms of capacity to compensate for declines in social services. The most recent approach is the integration approach which is characterized by a shift from Women in Development (WID) to Gender and Development (GAD). This is a reaction to marginalization of WID. The purpose is to integrate gender awareness and competence into mainstream development. It recognizes the different gender roles and need and access to control over resources by both men and women. GAD promotes effectiveness and efficiency as well as identifying opportunities for improving gender redistribution and equity in development. It was on the basis of these policies that the author of this study set out to examine the impact of organizational gender dynamics on establishment of formal strategic management systems in Kenya. An econometrics model relating to gender dynamics and levels of establishment of formal strategic management systems was developed. Samples of 33 organizational male top managers and 33 organizational female top managers were then taken by use of convenient sampling method and tested. The results show that the estimated coefficient is positive and significant. This means that being a male top manager have an effect on the establishment of formal strategic management in organizations. Other things being equal, the conclusion arising from this study is that there is not yet equity between male top managers and female top managers. Perhaps the various gender equity policies so far adopted have not contributed effectively to the attainment of gender equity in the management of resources.  

Key words: Gender, Equity, Policies, and Development

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Last Updated on Wednesday, 13 May 2015 11:20

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Joel M. Nkubitu



 Winifred N Karugu,PhD



CITATION: Nkubitu, J. M., & Karugu, W. N (2015),Influence of Effective Duty Free Motorycles to Socio-Economic Empowerment in Nairobi County, Kenya. European Journal of Business Management, 2 (6), 12-26.


Transport is an important element in development and it affords the social, economic and political interaction that most people take for granted. The provision of transport infrastructure has grown extensively across the globe through a range of networks of modes which have undergone technological improvements cutting across the motive power, the tracks and the means that serve as compartment for passengers and goods. In developing countries, motorcycles operations are the most essential and effective means of transport in daily life and overall livelihood. This study examined the influence of duty free motor cycle’s operations in the informal sector in enhancing socio-economic empowerment in Nairobi County, Kenya. A descriptive research design was used in this study. The target population of this study comprised of the 1500 owners and operators of the commercial motorcycles operations in Nairobi County. The samples size of this study was 150 respondents. The researcher collected primary data from motorcycle operators and owners from their work stations. Primary Data was collected using a structured questionnaire. Descriptive statistics such as the mean score, frequencies and percentages for each variable were calculated. The mean score for each attribute was calculated and the standard deviation used to interpret the respondents deviation from the mean. Data analysis was done with the help of the statistical package for the social sciences (SPSS version 20).The study concluded that income generation, improved living standards, service delivery and regulatory measures/policies positively influence socio-economic empowerment in Nairobi County. The study concludes that Motor cycle industry provides a range of opportunities including employment to motorcycle mechanics and motorcycle spare parts dealers, local revenue generating sources through taxes/levies on motorcycle owners/riders as well as motorcycle registration and licensing. As a medium between this two structures duty free motor cycles, has potentially emerged as a tool for enhancing socio-economic empowerment in Kenya particularly in the urban areas.

Keywords: Transport, socio-economic empowerment, motorcycles and commercial.


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Last Updated on Wednesday, 17 June 2015 04:57

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